(January 28, 1912-August 11, 1956)
Jackson Pollack was born in Cody,
Wyoming and grew up in Arizona
and California. In 1930, he moved to New York City where he and his brother
studied under Hart Benton at the Art Students League. Hart Benton and the
Mexican muralists influenced Pollack’s early art works, representing rural America. After visiting Picasso his work became more
symbolic. He married Lee Krasner in 1945 and moved to New York.
Here he perfected the technique of pouring, dripping and splattering
liquid paint onto canvases laid out on the studio floor. Pollock’s most famous
paintings were during the “drip period” between 1947 and 1950. After 1951, Pollock’s work was darker in color,
often only black and he began to introduce figurative elements. Pollock’s career was cut short when he died
in a car accident near his home in Long
Island, New York.
Pollock, an influential American painter, was a major force in the abstract